Public:Competitive Environment

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Competition environment categories

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Tactical Situational Awareness (Head-Up Display, AR helmet, wearable devices)

are solving the same problem are using similar technologies are more than 10% alike are non-competitors
Microsoft IVAS Dauntless XR Unknown Meta Quest 3, Meta Quest Pro
L3Harris ENVG-B LetinAR Apple Vision Pro
Elbit Systems SBNVG Vuzix PlayStation VR 2 (PSVR 2)
SMASH Nicholas C HP Reverb G2
ARC4 Technifex XR Valve Index VR kit
Red6 EolianVR Bigscreen Beyound
HTC Vive Pro 2

Gunfire Locator

are solving the same problem are using similar technologies are more than 10% alike are non-competitors
RTX (Raytheon BBN) Boomerang
QinetiQ EARS
Metravib Defence PILAR

Passive Radar Detection

are solving the same problem are using similar technologies are more than 10% alike are non-competitors
Silentium Defence MAVERICK M8
Patria MUSCL
HENSOLDT Twinvis Passive Radar

Passive Radar - if the receiving antenna is installed in a forest or field and receives a reflected signal, it must transmit information to an analytical or command center, so it is not quite a passive radar, its transmitting signal can be detected and suppressed, and its location can be established and attacked. The fundamental difference of our technology is that it is designed primarily for the end user, including those who are authorized to make an independent decision on the identification and destruction of targets in the air, on land and on water. 2023-12-22 00:25

Tactical Identification Friend-or-Foe

Fire Assistant

Tactical Communication

are solving the same problem are using similar technologies are more than 10% alike are non-competitors

Drone Detection

Radar Warning Receiver

Ultrawideband Software Defined Radio

Software Defined Antenna (Phased Array Antenna)

Universal Drone & Robot Remote Control

RF Detection of Explosive Ordnance and Improvised Explosive Device

AI Assistance

Multi-Domain and Cross-Domain Interaction

Tactical Computer Vision

Tactical Computer Audition

Active Noise Reduction

Electronic Headset

Vitals Body Sensors

Care Under Fire

Resuscitation on the Move


Microsoft IVAS

Microsoft IVAS - poorly suited for military use:

  • glowing screen
  • short battery life
  • many cables on the body and head (there should be no cables at all, it is dangerous)
  • low FOV
  • poor image contrast
  • conflict of vergence and accommodation
  • lens fogging problem
  • passive cooling problem
  • problem of fatigue
  • few functions
  • problem of the price ($55,000 for one)

Dec. 14, 2023 | China's State Media Shows Military Using Microsoft's HoloLens 2 Headsets
Microsoft HoloLense 2 in China Army

The technology of the mixed-reality headset gives the user an "in-depth understanding of the equipment without needing to touch it," the report said of the training conducted by the PLA's Eastern Theater Command, headquartered in Nanjing.[1]

In the CCTV-7 video, the PLA Air Force trainee was seen calling up the headset's operating system by raising his palm to his face. He highlighted a panel on the nearby fighter jet engine and called up interactive tools, including a drill and a wrench.

The tools were digitally overlayed on the physical surface in front of him as he stood a short distance away, simulating aircraft maintenance protocol with hand gestures, the broadcast showed.

The technology, as described in Chinese state media, was adopted to accelerate combat effectiveness and reflects China's ongoing efforts to modernize its military under President Xi Jinping.

The use of emerging technologies in the armed forces suggests China's readiness to utilize any relevant advances when practica, even those developed by the U.S., its long-term strategic competitor.

At the Reagan National Defense Forum earlier this month, U.S. Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo said the U.S. was preparing more curbs on China to win the technology war.
Microsoft HoloLense 2 in China Army
The PLA has used mixed or virtual reality for training for several years, according to Hong Kong's South China Morning Post. China's military has also deployed an augmented-reality system that enables soldiers to control unmanned aircraft and vehicles, the newspaper reported on Thursday.

The PLA's use of Microsoft hardware sparked a flurry of comments on Chinese social media this week, with a related hashtag later trending with half a million views on Weibo, the country's X-like microblogging platform.

Microsoft also has contracts with the Pentagon for its mixed-reality. In 2021, the company agreed to supply the U.S. Army with more than 120,000 smart glasses in a deal that could reach $21.88 billion over 10 years, following an initial supply of prototypes in 2018 as part of a $480 million contract.

Meanwhile, on Capitol Hill, senior U.S. lawmakers are calling for a further tightening exports to prevent the Chinese military from accessing U.S. technologies, particularly those with so-called dual uses in the commercial and defense sectors.

Reps. Mike Gallagher and Michael McCaul, Republican House committee leaders representing Wisconsin and Texas, respectively, informed Raimondo this month that further resources for her department would be conditioned upon institutional reforms that effectively limited the flow of U.S. tech to America's adversaries.

But in China, major tech players like Xiaomi, Lenovo and Oppo are already developing their own augmented reality devices, signaling a new era of civilian and military applications for cutting-edge technology.

Sep 13, 2023 | US Army orders more Microsoft AR headsets now that they no longer make soldiers want to barf

Microsoft IVAS

The US Army is awarding Microsoft[2][3][4] with another order of advanced mixed reality goggles designed for combat situations, Bloomberg reports. Microsoft had sent the Army a batch of 20 updated prototype headsets in late July, which were tested by two squads of soldiers in August who responded positively to improvements in its design: namely, they no longer felt nauseous and pained while wearing them.

Microsoft, in the past year, has worked with the US Army to create HoloLens-like mixed reality headsets known as the Integrated Visual Augmentation System (IVAS), but initial reports in 2022 indicated it was causing headaches, nausea, and eyestrain in testing. The problematic headsets were part of an order of 5,000 headsets the Army started taking delivery in September 2022.

The newer headsets, now on version 1.2, had “demonstrated improvements in reliability, low light sensor performance, and form factor,” Army spokesperson David Patterson tells Bloomberg. The US Army awarded Microsoft with another contract on September 5th for the new systems and to see if the company could scale production.

The US Army had asked Congress to fund its purchase of 6,900 headsets from Microsoft, but it was denied earlier this year. Instead, Congress reduced the $400 million in funding the Army requested to just $40 million to improve the system. The Army awarded Microsoft that money plus an additional $125 million to continue development.

The US Army plans to spend as much as $21.9 billion on the project, and the headset will undergo testing in 2025 by the Army for use in combat. Microsoft’s HoloLens tech continues to live on in these special military goggles, as the development of the home and work use cases of the headsets seems to have dropped off following layoffs affecting the teams involved in January.


Elbit Systems SBNVG

Nov. 29, 2023 | Elbit to provide electro-optics night vision goggles that combine infrared and light-amplification sensors

SBNVG Elbit Systems

SBNVG has binocular image intensifier with a modular uncooled thermal imaging, dual-power cable, external power supply, and helmet mounting system.

U.S. Marine Corps night vision experts needed an updated helmet-mounted night vision system that combines thermal imaging and light amplification. They found their solution from Elbit Systems of America-Night Vision LLC in Roanoke, Va.[5]

Officials of the Marine Corps Systems Command at Quantico Marine Base, Va., announced a $500 million five-year contract Monday for the Squad Binocular Night Vision Goggle (SBNVG), which enhances the infantry’s lethality and situational awareness at night and in poor visibility.

The optical sensors combines several technologies to enhance the infantry warfighter's capabilities in low-light and degraded-visibility conditions. Light amplification helps illuminate targets at night, thermal imaging enhances vision in smoke and other obscurants, and the binocular design enhance the warfighter's depth perception.

On this contract Elbit will do the work in Roanoke, Va., and should be finished by November 2028. For more information contact Elbit Systems of America online at, or Marine Corps Systems Command at


L3Harris ENVG-B

L3Harris ENVG-B

  • analog device
  • glowing screen
  • very low FOV
  • low magnification coef. (3x)
  • poor image contrast
  • problem of fatigue
  • very few functions
  • problem of the price ($25,490 for one)




  • rifle mount only (not using Head-Up Display)
  • very low FOV
  • low magnification coef. (4x)
  • visible laser range finder
  • very few functions




  • see more




  • L-STE (Live-Synthetic Terrain Environment) only



there's no evidence for several years, perhaps just words



there's no evidence for several years, perhaps just words


Airbus Defense

there's no evidence for several years, perhaps just words


RTX (Raytheon BBN) Boomerang
Boomerang RTX

Boomerang[6][7] is a gunfire locator developed by DARPA and BBN Technologies primarily for use against snipers. Boomerang is mounted on mobile vehicles such as the Humvee, Stryker, and MRAP combat vehicles. There were plans to integrate it into the Land Warrior system. Price is $9,000.

Boomerang pinpoints the shooter’s location of incoming small arms fire. Boomerang uses passive acoustic detection and computer-based signal processing to locate a shooter in less than a second.

Whether vehicle mounted or in a fixed position, Boomerang detects small arms fire travelling toward it for bullets passing within approximately 30 meters of the mast-mounted compact array of microphones, even when shooters are firing from maximum effective weapons ranges.

When vehicle mounted, Boomerang operates whether the vehicle is moving or stationary. Non-ballistic events, such as road bumps, door slams, wind noise, tactical radio transmissions, vehicle traffic, firecrackers and urban activity do not cause false alarms. The system also does not alert when shots are fired from the vehicle or the protected site.

Fast and reliable. When a shot is detected, Boomerang immediately calls out; for example, “shot. two o’clock. 400 meters.” The o’clock position also appears on the dial while range and elevation appear on the LED display screen. When networked with a simple Ethernet connection, this information can be transmitted to an operations center or to a situation awareness platform.

Easy integration. Boomerang is easily networked and integrated with other software for enhanced battlefield management, situational awareness and force protection. Through its intuitive system integration kit and simple Ethernet interface, Boomerang can be used to slew camera devices, feed remote weapons station equipment, or report shooter position to a Tactical Operations Center.

Deployments. Boomerang is available to U.S. military and law enforcement agencies and to municipalities as well as to other approved U.S. domestic and foreign organizations. Government contractors may incorporate Boomerang into their systems or platforms.

  • Protecting the military vehicles of U.S. and allied troops
  • Fixed site protection for FOBs (Forward Operation Bases) and checkpoints in Afghanistan
  • Protecting critical infrastructure, such as power stations, in the U.S.

Boomerang Warrior-X wearable shooter detection system, RTX (Raytheon BBN) Because our troops are most vulnerable when on foot without the cover of vehicles or buildings, Raytheon BBN developed Boomerang Warrior-X[8], a soldier wearable shooter detection system.

Boomerang Warrior-X provides immediate indication of hostile fire or sniper attack and localizes the shooter, or shooters, enabling a rapid, informed and coordinated response. The system offers the same reliable performance and features as the currently-fielded vehicle-mounted Boomerang III system — just smaller, lighter and integrated into tactical vests.

Weighing just 12 ounces, the Boomerang Warrior-X gives individual soldiers immediate awareness of hostile fire locations and, when integrated, can also provide unit leaders with shooter grid coordinates to enhance situational awareness needed to coordinate team responses to hostile fire.

Incoming shot announcements are transmitted to a built-in speaker or an earpiece while a lightweight display provides range and azimuth of the shooter position. As the soldier moves, the system compensates for the soldier’s motion and continually updates the threat’s location on the wrist display.


QinetiQ EARS
EARS SWATS Demo | QinetiQ North America

The EARS® family of gunshot localization systems gives soldiers and military police the situational awareness necessary to respond instantly and accurately to hostile attacks to better protect themselves from snipers and other gunfire threats.[9]


Metravib Defence PILAR

PILAR[10] Sensitive Sites Protection. PILAR Ground Version is designed for the protection of both permanent or temporary sensitive sites. A Mission System following the surveillance approach offers a configurable scalable suite consisting of:

  • 1 to 20 acoustic arrays
  • one ruggedized PC with MMI module for processing, data storage and display of the system outputs

The number of acoustic arrays depends on the area to be covered. Available results include among other outputs the GPS localization of the threat, as well as azimuth, elevation and range.



IAI Unveils New Technology for Gunfire Detection System: OTHELLO-P – Innovative, Fused Opto-Acoustic GDS

Fused Opto-Acoustic GDS

The fusion of the electro-optics (EO) technology and acoustics sensors provides the troops in the field more accurate and versatile solutions for present and future challenges. The OTHELLO-P is a light weight, low power, unique passive solution with 360-degree coverage enabling very short and accurate sensor-to-shooter loop closing, thus providing protection and neutralization of threats in the area.[11]

The acoustics-based project began in IAI’s Innovation Center, as the initiative of engineers who had previously served in the Israel Defense Forces. Their aim was to integrate acoustic capabilities into hostile fire detection systems, to enhance the identification and classification accuracy of hostile targets. In IAI’s Innovation Center, new and advanced technological capabilities are developed, and then integrated into IAI’s existing and future projects. The IAI Innovation Center encourages technological diversity, entrepreneurial initiatives, and cooperation between IAI’s Groups and startup companies. ...

Silentium Defence MAVERICK M8

MAVERICK[12] M-series solutions are low-power and quick to deploy. Suitable for both vehicle or dismounted deployment they utilise existing terrestrial transmitters to ensure constant comprehensive situational awareness in all conditions.


Patria MUSCL

Patria MUSCL[13] is a passive radar system providing resilient, covert and easily deployable air surveillance in standalone mode as well as in networked mode using multiple Patria MUSCL stations. The system provides affordable area and point surveillance for various applications, such as air surveillance, UAV detection, critical infrastructure protection and border control.

Patria MUSCL system employs passive coherent location (PCL) technology to detect, locate and track targets meaning that it exploits external broadcasting signals as illuminators of opportunity and detects signals scattered from targets. The system does not produce a signal footprint making it practically invisible for adversaries’ signal intelligence and anti-radiation missiles as well as enabling safe deployments and use in urban areas.

Exploitation of dense network of broadcasting signals enables detection of low altitude targets with comprehensive coverage. All this combined with use of cutting-edge technologies, multi-static receiving geometry and lower operating frequencies than those utilized by conventional air surveillance radars, enable superior early warning and detection capability for aerial targets including stealth and Low-Slow-Small (LSS) targets.


HENSOLDT Twinvis Passive Radar

Twinvis Passive Radar[14] - Silent surveillance of silent objects. Twinvis is a passive radar that adds a new dimension to the world of surveillance and situational awareness.

It offers decisive operational advantages: it cannot be located due to the absence of any transmitted energy and it does not need any emissions from targets to locate them.

Where conventional radar systems apply the same principle of emitting signals that are reflected by an object allowing the radar to visualise that object based on the echo received, Twinvis follows a radically different approach:

The system uses existing electromagnetic energy from radio- and TV-broadcast transmitters and evaluates their echoes when reflected by an object.

In the military field, Twinvis combines several advantages. In addition to its high mobility, the system itself remains invisible and therefore cannot be jammed or eliminated in a targeted action. At the same time, it can also be used to discover stealth aircraft which, due to their low observable technology, have until now remained undetectable for conventional radar systems.









Competitive Advantages


Table: Specific | Measurable | Achieveable | Realistic | Time-related


New partners

Existing partners

Fixing weaknesses

Areas of research

Situational Awareness

Related fields


  1. Augmented Reality Technologies
  2. Head Up Display

Future ideas

Further reading

See also

Public External Sections: Public Wiki Sections: Public Wiki Sections: Not-Public Wiki Sections:

Note: Unless otherwise stated, whenever the masculine gender is used, both men and women are included.


External links